what is Dwarfism ?
Dwarfism is short stature that results from a genetic or medical condition.The average height of an adult with dwarfism is 4 feet,10inches or less.Dwarfism can be caused by any of more than 300 conditions, most of which are genetic and present at birth.Peoplewith these conditions typically have normal intelligence and abilities, although some conditions can cause health problems,particularly involving the bones.
Causes of Dwarfism
Most dwarfism-related conditions are genetic disorders, but the causes of some disorders are unknown. Most occurrences of dwarfism result from a random genetic mutation in either the father's sperm or the mother's egg rather than from either parent's complete genetic makeup.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Doctors are able to diagnose most cases of achondroplasia even before birth by doing an ultrasound in the later stages of pregnancy. The ultrasound can show if a baby's arms and legs are shorter than average and if the baby's head is large.Different types of dwarfism can be diagnosed even earlier in pregnancy, but other types can't be diagnosed until after a baby is born. If it's thought a child may have dwarfism, the doctor can use X-rays after birth to see if the bones are growing at an abnormal rate, or if they are shaped differently.
written by dwarf love .